Film/Cinema (Australia)

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Reynaud, D. (2015). Film/Cinema (Australia). In U. Daniel, P. Gatrell, O. Janz, H. Jones, J. Keene, A. Kramer, & B. Nasson (Eds.), 1914-1918 online: International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Retrieved from http://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/filmcinema_australia


190204 Film and Television| 200104 Media Studies| 200212 Screen and Media Culture| 210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)


Australian cinema experienced a war of two halves during 1914-1918. The start was dominated by war dramas funded through private enterprise, telling sensational stories largely derived from British military traditions, and creating valuable free propaganda for the government. When their popularity died suddenly in early 1916, government-sponsored war documentaries took over, serving as both info-propaganda and fundraisers for the war effort. Post-war, cinema was a key propagator of the evolving Anzac legend, with its distinctively Australian identity. Its growing potency as the central national myth was most effectively articulated through cinema in the 1980s.


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