Title

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Profile among Australian Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Teenagers

Author Faculty (Discipline)

Education

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-1-2021

Early Online Version

2-15-2019

Journal

American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

Volume Number

15

Issue Number

3

Page Numbers

313-321

ISSN

1559-8284

Embargo Period

12-12-2019

ANZSRC / FoR Code

110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)| 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified| 111706 Epidemiology| 111716 Preventive Medicine

Avondale Research Centre

Lifestyle and Health Research Centre

Reportable Items (HERDC/ERA)

C1

Abstract

Atherosclerosis develops over a long period of time and often begins in childhood. The goal of this study was to make a cross-sectional assessment of the pattern of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Australian vegetarian (n = 49) and nonvegetarian (n = 639) 14- to 17-year-old participants from New South Wales, Australia. Vegetarians had statistically significant lower mean total (4.05 vs 4.4 mmol/L;P < .001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (2.18 vs 2.55 mmol/L; P < .001) and lower incidence of abnormal total and LDL cholesterol (31.1% vs 46.2%, P = .036, having total cholesterol ≥4.4 mmol/L and 13.3% vs 29.6%, P = .021, having LDL cholesterol ≥2.84 mmol/L). Vegetarians had a higher diastolic BP (72.0 vs 69.7 mm Hg; P = .038). No statistically significant difference was found in other risk factors including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = .83), triglycerides (P = .601), systolic blood pressure (P = .727), body mass index (P = .159), plasma glucose (P = .09), C-reactive protein (P = .527), or homocysteine (P = .45). The prevalence rate with 3 or more risk factors was 12.2% among vegetarians and 13.9% among nonvegetarians (P = .156). The high percentage of abnormal total cholesterol in both diet groups and, in addition, LDL cholesterol in nonvegetarians is a cause of concern and underlines the need for lifestyle change.

Link to publisher version (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827619829000

Peer Review

Before publication

Comments

Due to copyright restrictions this article is unavailable for download.

Staff and Students of Avondale College may access the full text of this article via a Library PRIMO search here.


Share

COinS