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111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified| 111301 Ophthalmology| 111706 Epidemiology| 111716 Preventive Medicine| 111717 Primary Health Care

Avondale Research Centre

Lifestyle Research Centre

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Background: To assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) amongst the general community regarding type 2diabetes mellitus (DM) in rural Bangladesh.

Methods: Data was collected using cluster random sampling from 3104 adults residing in a rural district in Bangladesh. Participants underwent a KAP questionnaire survey regarding assessing diabetes, socio-demographic and medical history. Descriptive, Chi-square and regression analyses were performed.

Results: Participants were aged between 30 and 89 years (M = 51, SD = 11.8) and 65.5% were female. The prevalence of diabetes was found to be 8.3%. The majority (93%) reported to have heard of diabetes, yet only 4% knew what a glucose tolerance test was. Only 50% reported that they knew physical inactivity was a risk factor. Age, gender, level of education and socio-economic status (SES) were significantly associated with KAP. A lower proportion (41%) of older participants (aged >65 years) reported that they knew that dietary modifications assist in diabetes control compared to those aged less than 35 years (69%), p,0.001. Males (b = 0.393, 95% CI = 0.142–0.643), and any level of education compared to no schooling (b = 0.726, 95% CI = 0.596, 0.857) reported significantly more knowledge, after multivariate adjustments for covariates. Participants aged under 35 years, (odds ratio (OR) = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.22–2.43) had significantly higher positive attitudes towards treatments of diabetes compared to those aged $65 years. Of the 99 people with known diabetes, more than 50% (n = 52) never had their blood sugar levels checked since diagnosis.

Conclusions: Knowledge of diabetes and its risk factors is very limited in rural Bangladesh, even in persons diagnosed with type 2 DM. The development of public health programmes to increase knowledge of diabetes and its complications is required to assist people living in rural Bangladesh to control and management of diabetes.

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At the time of writing Gail Ormsby was affiliated with the University of Melbourne

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