The Role of Obesity in the Onset of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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This article was originally published as:

Cloete, L., Mitchell, B. G., & Morton, D. (2017). The role of obesity in the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nursing Standard, 31(22), 59-69. doi: 10.7748/ns.2017.e10672

ISSN: 0029-6570


110306 Endocrinology| 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified| 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified| 111603 Systems Physiology| 111717 Primary Health Care

Avondale Research Centre

Lifestyle Research Centre

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The onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, including lifestyle factors. Obesity is the principal lifestyle factor associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is essential for nurses to have an understanding of the pathophysiology associated with factors that contribute to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, particularly those associated with obesity. Nurses who have an understanding of the interaction between obesity and the onset of type 2 diabetes are better equipped to discuss the importance of weight loss and other necessary lifestyle adjustments in the prevention and management of obesity and diabetes associated with obesity, to implement evidence-based practice and to support patients to manage their health effectively.


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