ERJ Open Research
ANZSRC / FoR Code
111003 Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care)| 110203 Respiratory Diseases| 111716 Preventive Medicine
Avondale Research Centre
Lifestyle and Health Research Centre
Reportable Items (HERDC/ERA)
Objective: We aimed to assess adherence to the Australian national guideline (COPD-X) against audited practice, and to document the outcomes of patients hospitalised with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at discharge and 28 days after.
Methods: A prospective clinical audit of COPD hospital admission from five tertiary care hospitals in five states of Australia was conducted. Post-discharge follow-up was conducted via telephone to assess for readmission and health status.
Results: There were 207 admissions for acute exacerbation (171 patients; mean 70.2 years old; 50.3%males). Readmission rates at 28 days were 25.4%, with one (0.6%) death during admission and eight(6.1%) post-discharge within 28 days. Concordance to the COPD-X guidance was variable; 22.7% performed spirometry, 81.1% had blood gases collected when forced expiratory volume in 1 s was <1 >L,99.5% had chest radiography performed, 95.1% were prescribed systemic corticosteroids and 95% were prescribed antibiotic therapy. There were 89.1% given oxygen therapy and 92.6% when arterial oxygen tension was <80 >mmHg; 65.6% were given ventilatory assistance when pH was
Conclusion: When compared against clinical practice guidelines, we found important gaps in management of patients admitted with COPD throughout tertiary care centres in Australia. Strategies to improve guideline uptake are needed to optimise care.
Link to publisher version (DOI)
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Cousins, J. L., Wood-Baker, R., Wark, P. A. B., Yang, I. A., Gibson, P. G., Hutchinson, A., . . . McDonald, V. M. (2020). Management of acute COPD exacerbations in Australia: Do we follow the guidelines? ERJ Open Research, 6(2), 00270-02019. doi:10.1183/23120541.00270-2019