Early Online Version
Annals of Pediatrics and Child Health
ANZSRC / FoR Code
420605 Preventative health care| 420899 Traditional, complementary and integrative medicine not elsewhere classified
Avondale Research Centre
Lifestyle and Health Research Centre
Reportable Items (HERDC/ERA)
Background/Aims: Vegetarians have a high risk of abnormal vitamin B-12 (B-12), and homocysteine (Hcy), status. The objectives included assessment of: 1) folate, B-12, and Hcy status; 2) incidence rate of abnormal folate, B-12, and Hcy; and 3) associations between folate and B-12 with Hcy status among vegetarian and non-vegetarian adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional plasma folate, B-12, and Hcyassessment in 49 vegetarian and 639 non-vegetarian, 14-17 year-old, participants from New South Wales, Australia.
Results: Mean (range) folate (nmol/L), B-12 (pmol/L), and Hcy (μmol/L), were: 33.4 (9.57-101) vs. 27.7 (2.7-86), p=0.033; 287.81 (134-702) vs. 392.22 (119-1300), p
Conclusions: B-12 is a nutrient of a concern for vegetarian teenagers. To improve B-12 status, vegetarian adolescents should consume foods fortified with B-12, and/or take B-12 supplements.
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Pawlak, R., Grant, R., Vos, P., Bilgin, A., Berg, J., Pearce, R., & Morris M. (2021). The status of folate, vitamin B-12 and homocysteine among Australian vegetarian and non-vegetarian teenagers. Annals of Pediatrics and Child Health, 9(1), 1219.