Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
ANZSRC / FoR Code
3904 Specialist studies in education
Avondale Research Centre
Christian Education Research Centre
Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD) was at first, anecdotally, considered to be unacceptable behaviour by children who had been poorly managed. However, by 1980 a specific definition and description had been made. ODD is a serious juvenile mental health concern causing extreme distress to both parents and educators.
This paper has been written from a Christian perspective and describes the criteria for a diagnosis as well as its incidence. Research has been ongoing and a number of known links to the condition are detailed. The greater part of the paper focuses on effective, evidence-based strategies together with succinct summaries. These include teaming with parents, the school team, classroom structure and management, pedagogy and engagement, relating to the child and teacher well-being.
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Shields, M. (2022). Managing oppositional defiance disorder (ODD) from a Christian school's perspective. TEACH Journal of Christian Education, 16(1), 6-13.