Andrews University Seminary Studies
ANZSRC / FoR Code
220401 Christian Studies (incl. Biblical Studies and Church History)
Interpreters have been divided on whether the figure who appeared to the witch and spoke to Saul was the post mortem Samuel or a demon impersonating Samuel to deceive Saul. This chapter argues for the second view, because the context involves Canaanite conjuring ritual; the medium speaks as a polytheist; the meal is part of the ritual; Saul has shown vulnerability to fortune-telling and the demonic; the rebuke by the apparent Samuel unfairly escalates Saul’s punishment, complains about ‘bringing me up’, and ignores the most obvious issue; the apparent Samuel’s predictions are questionable; Torah allusions offer clear guidance; the woman is a mixed character; and the narrator uses focalisation (or narration from one characters viewpoint) in saying Samuel appeared.
Kent, G. J. R. (2014). ”Call Up Samuel”: Who appeared to the Witch at En-Dor? (1 Sam 28:3-25). Andrews University Seminary Studies, 52(2), 141-160. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.andrews.edu/auss/