Awarding Institution

Andrews University (Avondale)

Date of Award


Embargo Period


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (Theology) MA(Theol)


Arts & Theology


Ministry and Theology

First Advisor

James J. C. Cox


Problem: The historical background of the Fourth Gospel.

Method: Christology was both a major issue leading to a schism in the Johannine community at the time of the Epistles and a major concern of the Gospel. If the Christology of the Gospel reflects this controversy, then this controversy would form part of its historical context.

Procedure: The Johannine Epistles and Gospel are investigated independently to prevent bias.

Results: The secessionists confronted by the Epistles espouse a form of docetic Christology, while the Christology of the Gospel is formulated apparently unaware of any problem with doceticism.

Conclusions: While the emphasis in the Gospel on unity and love could easily be interpreted against a background of community schism, the different protagonists portrayed in the Gospel, and that its Christology seems to be unaware of a docetic problem, make it unlikely that the historical backgrounds are identical.


Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)

Andrews University, School of Graduate Studies, Avondale Campus, 1984.

Published with permission from Andrews University.

Staff and Students of Avondale College may access a print copy of this thesis from Avondale College Library (226.5067 M18).

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Religion Commons