Awarding Institution

Andrews University (Avondale)

Date of Award


Embargo Period


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (Theology) MA(Theol)


Arts & Theology


Ministry and Theology

First Advisor

Dr. Alwyn P. Salom

Second Advisor

Dr. Norman H. Young


Rom 5:18-19 raises a significant problem. Can the universal terms in these verses mean less than a universal salvation? If less than a universal salvation is allowed, on what basis is the text to be interpreted and the alternative chosen? The Reformed school of theology prefers to view justification in this passage as effective and the "all men" as less than a literal "all". The non-Reformed school by and large prefers to view justification as "potential" and the "all men" as literally all men. Another possibility is universalism. Which of the above options is preferable? Which is valid and faithful to the text? Is there another possibility other than a universal salvation that recognizes universal terms and an effected justification in this passage? The purpose of this thesis is to approach these questions.


Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)

Andrews University, School of Graduate Studies, Avondale Campus, 1983.

Published with permission from Andrews University.

Staff and Students of Avondale College may access a print copy of this thesis from Avondale College Library (227.106 D11).